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徐迅雷|片段金庸

来源: 南方日报网络版     时间: 2019年03月19日 00:50:04
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(原)(标)(题)(:徐)(迅)(雷)(|片)(段)(金)(庸)(<br />作)(者)(为)(《杭)(州)(日)(报)(》首)(席)(评)(论)(员)(,本)(文)(发)(表)(于)(《民)(主)(与)(科)(学)(》2018年)(第)(6期)(<br />青)(年)(金)(庸)(<br />有)(人)(曾)(经)(问)(金)(庸)(先)(生)(:“人)(生)(应)(如)(何)(度)(过)(?”老)(先)(生)(笑)(答)(:“大)(闹)(一)(场)(,悄)(然)(离)(去)(。<br />”比)(“米)(寿)(”还)(大)(了)(6岁)(的)(金)(庸)(——查)(良)(镛)(,在)(“大)(闹)(一)(场)(”之)(后)(,很)(安)(详)(地)(告)(别)(了)(人)(世)(。<br />我)(想)(他)(是)(微)(笑)(告)(别)(的)(。时)(间)(让)(我)(们)(学)(会)(了)(告)(别)(。2018年)(11月)(12日)(,在)(香)(港)(殡)(仪)(馆)(,举)(行)(了)(金)(庸)(先)(生)(的)(遗)(体)(告)(别)(仪)(式)(。“一)(位)(大)(学)(者)(死)(去)(只)(用)(一)(秒)(钟)(,再)(产)(生)(这)(样)(一)(位)(学)(者)(却)(要)(几)(十)(年)(”,对)(金)(庸)(来)(说)(,亦)(是)(如)(此)(。一)(个)(影)(响)(数)(亿)(人)(、影)(响)(几)(十)(年)(、影)(响)(几)(代)(人)(并)(且)(继)(续)(影)(响)(下)(去)(的)(文)(化)(人)(,是)(绝)(不)(能)(被)(轻)(视)(、忽)(视)(的)(。<br />云)(松)(书)(舍)(<br />坐)(落)(在)(杭)(州)(灵)(隐)(路)(的)(云)(松)(书)(舍)(,给)(人)(印)(象)(最)(深)(的)(是)(大)(门)(上)(的)(手)(书)(对)(联)(:<br />飞)(雪)(连)(天)(射)(白)(鹿)(<br />笑)(书)(神)(侠)(倚)(碧)(鸳)(<br />1994年)(,在)(金)(庸)(金)(大)(侠)(70岁)(上)(,云)(松)(书)(舍)(在)(金)(秋)(十)(月)(奠)(基)(兴)(建)(。<br />云)(松)(书)(舍)(一)(角)(<br />这)(里)(是)(杭)(州)(钱)(塘)(十)(八)(景)(之)(“九)(里)(云)(松)(”的)(起)(点)(,前)(后)(不)(远)(处)(是)(解)(放)(军)(117医)(院)(和)(浙)(江)(医)(院)(。<br />杭)(州)(市)(政)(府)(出)(地)(、金)(庸)(出)(资)(,整)(个)(云)(松)(书)(舍)(占)(地)(3200平)(方)(米)(,建)(筑)(面)(积)(1100平)(方)(米)(,耗)(资)(1600余)(万)(元)(人)(民)(币)(。那)(个)(年)(代)(,金)(庸)(一)(人)(承)(担)(这)(样)(的)(巨)(资)(,确)(是)(一)(般)(百)(姓)(所)(不)(能)(想)(象)(的)(。<br />修)(建)(云)(松)(书)(舍)(的)(初)(衷)(,是)(为)(“藏)(书)(、写)(作)(和)(文)(人)(雅)(集)(之)(用)(”。书)(舍)(的)(主)(体)(建)(筑)(是)(会)(客)(厅)(“耕)(耘)(轩)(”、书)(斋)(“赏)(心)(斋)(”和)(主)(楼)(“松)(风)(明)(月)(楼)(”。这)(个)(地)(方)(曲)(径)(通)(幽)(,浓)(荫)(蔽)(日)(,但)(给)(我)(的)(感)(觉)(是)(“有)(松)(无)(云)(、难)(见)(明)(月)(”,颇)(有)(些)(“前)(不)(着)(村)(后)(不)(着)(店)(”的)(孤)(零)(感)(,并)(不)(太)(适)(合)(居)(住)(写)(作)(和)(文)(人)(雅)(集)(。<br />1996年)(11月)(,云)(松)(书)(舍)(落)(成)(。“金)(庸)(迷)(”、上)(海)(市)(老)(市)(长)(汪)(道)(涵)(先)(生)(也)(出)(席)(落)(成)(典)(礼)(,并)(发)(表)(热)(情)(洋)(溢)(的)(讲)(话)(,他)(说)(自)(己)(也)(是)(金)(庸)(迷)(,通)(读)(了)(金)(庸)(的)(14部)(作)(品)(,从)(中)(看)(出)(了)(两)(个)(字)(——“仁)(”与)(“义)(”……在)(现)(场)(的)(金)(庸)(十)(分)(感)(动)(,连)(说)(了)(十)(几)(个)(“不)(敢)(当)(”。<br />这)(么)(大)(一)(个)(书)(舍)(,还)(没)(建)(成)(就)(传)(出)(了)(批)(评)(的)(声)(音)(。建)(成)(后)(金)(庸)(觉)(得)(不)(应)(由)(他)(一)(人)(独)(享)(,决)(定)(无)(偿)(捐)(赠)(给)(杭)(州)(市)(,“这)(已)(经)(不)(是)(普)(通)(的)(民)(居)(,规)(格)(太)(高)(,造)(得)(像)(行)(宫)(了)(。我)(如)(果)(住)(进)(来)(,一)(定)(会)(折)(寿)(的)(。”参)(加)(完)(捐)(赠)(云)(松)(书)(舍)(仪)(式)(后)(,金)(庸)(一)(身)(轻)(松)(地)(与)(友)(人)(游)(览)(西)(湖)(。<br />后)(来)(,金)(庸)(在)(云)(松)(书)(舍)(仅)(仅)(停)(留)(过)(一)(个)(晚)(上)(。那)(是)(2002年)(5月)(的)(一)(天)(,他)(的)(好)(友)(、浙)(江)(大)(学)(党)(委)(原)(书)(记)(张)(浚)(生)(,特)(地)(来)(到)(云)(松)(书)(舍)(,与)(金)(庸)(相)(会)(。那)(一)(晚)(,金)(庸)(夫)(妇)(和)(张)(浚)(生)(夫)(妇)(入)(住)(云)(松)(书)(舍)(“松)(风)(明)(月)(楼)(”,一)(夜)(下)(棋)(品)(茗)(,第)(二)(日)(即)(离)(开)(,金)(庸)(此)(后)(再)(没)(有)(入)(住)(过)(书)(舍)(。<br />金)(庸)(是)(“杭)(州)(市)(荣)(誉)(市)(民)(”。金)(庸)(太)(太)(林)(乐)(怡)(曾)(透)(露)(金)(庸)(本)(人)(的)(心)(思)(:他)(一)(生)(最)(喜)(爱)(的)(城)(市)(是)(杭)(州)(,确)(实)(有)(过)(在)(杭)(州)(终)(老)(的)(念)(头)(。为)(此)(,金)(庸)(很)(早)(就)(在)(杭)(州)(边)(上)(买)(过)(一)(套)(别)(墅)(用)(以)(养)(老)(,但)(因)(久)(居)(香)(港)(、医)(疗)(服)(务)(较)(为)(方)(便)(等)(原)(因)(,最)(终)(未)(能)(遂)(愿)(入)(住)(这)(间)(别)(墅)(。<br />云)(松)(书)(舍)(一)(角)(<br />金)(大)(侠)(可)(能)(没)(想)(到)(,云)(松)(书)(舍)(后)(来)(一)(度)(摇)(身)(变)(成)(了)(高)(档)(“会)(所)(”。2010年)(新)(华)(社)(的)(报)(道)(曾)(曝)(光)(:“现)(在)(‘云)(松)(书)(舍)(’要)(向)(游)(客)(收)(取)(每)(人)(5元)(的)(门)(票)(,每)(到)(下)(午)(四)(点)(半)(,就)(关)(门)(谢)(客)(,成)(了)(少)(数)(人)(觥)(筹)(交)(错)(的)(‘乐)(园)(’。”报)(道)(严)(肃)(批)(评)(西)(湖)(边)(很)(多)(名)(胜)(故)(居)(“富)(贵)(化)(”、变)(身)(私)(人)(会)(所)(,众)(多)(高)(端)(特)(色)(的)(“会)(馆)(”,大)(多)(通)(过)(租)(用)(的)(方)(式)(“寄)(居)(”在)(环)(西)(湖)(的)(名)(胜)(古)(建)(里)(,游)(客)(“可)(望)(而)(不)(可)(进)(”。金)(大)(侠)(当)(时)(如)(果)(知)(道)(这)(样)(一)(个)(“结)(果)(”,估)(计)(也)(会)(“沧)(海)(一)(声)(笑)(”,不)(过)(是)(苦)(笑)(。幸)(好)(,后)(来)(这)(股)(“会)(所)(风)(潮)(”得)(到)(严)(肃)(整)(治)(,西)(湖)(景)(区)(又)(一)(次)(“还)(湖)(于)(民)(”。<br />雷)(峰)(塔)(<br />与)(云)(松)(书)(舍)(的)(寂)(静)(相)(比)(,西)(湖)(另)(一)(侧)(的)(雷)(峰)(塔)(向)(来)(是)(游)(客)(云)(集)(,热)(闹)(非)(凡)(。<br />早)(已)(倒)(了)(的)(雷)(峰)(塔)(,如)(何)(重)(建)(?“论)(雷)(峰)(塔)(的)(倒)(掉)(”好)(写)(,“论)(雷)(峰)(塔)(的)(重)(建)(”困)(难)(。因)(为)(解)(放)(了)(的)(白)(蛇)(又)(要)(被)(镇)(压)(住)(了)(,这)(个)(问)(题)(事)(关)(重)(大)(,如)(何)(解)(决)(?金)(庸)(先)(生)(为)(此)(作)(出)(重)(要)(贡)(献)(。<br />当)(时)(的)(杭)(州)(主)(政)(者)(向)(金)(庸)(求)(教)(,金)(庸)(提)(出)(了)(一)(个)(非)(常)(睿)(智)(的)(解)(决)(方)(案)(:“可)(以)(在)(重)(建)(雷)(峰)(塔)(时)(把)(塔)(的)(底)(部)(镂)(空)(,这)(样)(塔)(可)(以)(重)(建)(,白)(蛇)(也)(可)(以)(自)(由)(进)(出)(。”<br />雷)(峰)(塔)(遗)(址)(<br />极)(妙)(构)(想)(,豁)(然)(开)(朗)(!杭)(州)(市)(采)(纳)(了)(金)(庸)(先)(生)(的)(建)(议)(,建)(成)(的)(雷)(峰)(塔)(底)(部)(是)(穹)(顶)(式)(架)(空)(层)(,下)(面)(是)(可)(供)(参)(观)(的)(倒)(塌)(后)(的)(雷)(峰)(塔)(遗)(迹)(。这)(样)(既)(保)(存)(了)(文)(物)(,又)(建)(起)(了)(新)(塔)(。雷)(峰)(新)(塔)(,如)(今)(是)(西)(湖)(边)(最)(受)(游)(客)(欢)(迎)(的)(景)(点)(之)(一)(:入)(塔)(即)(可)(近)(观)(遗)(存)(,一)(目)(了)(然)(;登)(塔)(则)(能)(俯)(瞰)(西)(湖)(,一)(览)(无)(余)(。<br />西)(湖)(论)(剑)(<br />杭)(州)(的)(马)(云)(是)(金)(庸)(的)(铁)(粉)(,两)(人)(交)(情)(深)(厚)(。<br />金)(庸)(先)(生)(来)(杭)(州)(,常)(与)(马)(云)(相)(聚)(,“西)(湖)(论)(剑)(”。2000年)(9月)(9日)(,阿)(里)(巴)(巴)(策)(划)(的)(第)(一)(次)(“西)(湖)(论)(剑)(”,就)(把)(金)(庸)(请)(来)(了)(,还)(邀)(请)(了)(龙)(虎)(和)(的)(张)(朝)(阳)(、新)(浪)(的)(王)(志)(东)(、网)(易)(的)(丁)(磊)(,等)(等)(。<br />金)(庸)(曾)(给)(马)(云)(的)(淘)(宝)(题)(字)(:“宝)(可)(不)(淘)(,信)(不)(能)(弃)(。”有)(一)(回)(马)(云)(和)(张)(纪)(中)(一)(起)(陪)(金)(庸)(泛)(舟)(西)(湖)(,还)(留)(下)(了)(照)(片)(,记)(录)(了)(惬)(意)(。<br />马)(云)(从)(小)(喜)(爱)(武)(侠)(小)(说)(,尤)(其)(喜)(欢)(看)(金)(庸)(的)(。马)(云)(说)(:“看)(过)(《笑)(傲)(江)(湖)(》的)(次)(数)(连)(自)(己)(都)(数)(不)(清)(了)(……我)(极)(为)(欣)(赏)(风)(清)(扬)(的)(出)(招)(无)(形)(,却)(无)(招)(胜)(有)(招)(。”阿)(里)(巴)(巴)(公)(司)(中)(的)(许)(多)(大)(咖)(都)(取)(了)(花)(名)(,大)(多)(来)(自)(金)(庸)(小)(说)(,马)(云)(自)(己)(就)(叫)(“风)(清)(扬)(”。<br />马)(云)(还)(说)(:“我)(很)(喜)(欢)(金)(庸)(,至)(少)(他)(告)(诉)(过)(我)(两)(个)(道)(理)(:几)(乎)(所)(有)(成)(功)(的)(人)(都)(历)(经)(过)(千)(辛)(万)(苦)(;天)(外)(有)(天)(,人)(外)(有)(人)(。<br />”金)(庸)(辞)(世)(,远)(在)(非)(洲)(的)(马)(云)(在)(10月)(31日)(撰)(文)(悼)(念)(:先)(生)(赐)(字)(“天)(行)(”于)(我)(,学)(生)(终)(身)(铭)(记)(;“信)(不)(能)(弃)(”的)(告)(诫)(,一)(刻)(不)(敢)(忘)(;郭)(靖)(,黄)(蓉)(,行)(颠)(,逍)(遥)(子)(,奔)(雷)(手)(,苏)(荃)(,语)(嫣)(……满)(满)(十)(五)(部)(书)(的)(花)(名)(,托)(先)(生)(之)(福)(,常)(在)(思)(过)(崖)(行)(走)(,在)(摩)(天)(崖)(争)(辩)(,在)(光)(明)(顶)(见)(客)(……正)(直)(,情)(义)(,担)(当)(,洒)(脱)(……我)(们)(努)(力)(活)(出)(先)(生)(教)(会)(我)(们)(的)(模)(样)(。<br />忆)(及)(金)(庸)(对)(阿)(里)(巴)(巴)(创)(业)(和)(成)(长)(的)(影)(响)(,马)(云)(写)(到)(:“若)(无)(先)(生)(,不)(知)(是)(否)(还)(会)(有)(阿)(里)(。要)(有)(,也)(一)(定)(不)(会)(是)(今)(天)(这)(样)(,几)(万)(人)(一)(起)(痴)(痴)(颠)(颠)(——创)(业)(,便)(要)(做)(别)(人)(做)(不)(得)(之)(事)(,侠)(之)(大)(者)(,为)(国)(为)(民)(;做)(人)(,便)(要)(至)(情)(至)(性)(笑)(傲)(江)(湖)(;朋)(友)(,便)(要)(肝)(胆)(相)(照)(至)(死)(不)(渝)(……”<br />“一)(人)(江)(湖)(,江)(湖)(一)(人)(。侠)(者)(已)(逝)(,来)(者)(当)(追)(,江)(湖)(路)(远)(,侠)(义)(长)(存)(!”马)(云)(以)(这)(两)(句)(意)(味)(深)(长)(的)(话)(结)(尾)(。他)(敬)(献)(的)(花)(圈)(上)(也)(写)(着)(:“一)(人)(江)(湖)(,江)(湖)(一)(人)(。马)(云)(敬)(挽)(。”<br />以)(博)(览)(写)(出)(来)(的)(文)(章)(提)(供)(知)(识)(,以)(灵)(感)(悟)(出)(来)(的)(文)(字)(带)(来)(智)(慧)(。金)(庸)(及)(其)(武)(侠)(小)(说)(的)(文)(化)(力)(量)(,可)(见)(一)(斑)(。<br />查)(枢)(卿)(<br />历)(史)(的)(刀)(锋)(很)(犀)(利)(。在)(20世)(纪)(50年)(代)(初)(,一)(场)(“镇)(反)(”运)(动)(轰)(然)(展)(开)(。“镇)(反)(”即)(镇)(压)(反)(革)(命)(,旨)(在)(“肃)(清)(国)(民)(党)(残)(留)(的)(反)(革)(命)(势)(力)(”,“杀)(、关)(、管)(”三)(管)(齐)(下)(。大)(张)(旗)(鼓)(地)(镇)(压)(反)(革)(命)(的)(结)(果)(,是)(各)(地)(镇)(压)(的)(数)(字)(都)(大)(大)(突)(破)(了)(原)(先)(的)(设)(想)(和)(计)(划)(。1951年)(4月)(26日)(,金)(庸)(的)(父)(亲)(查)(枢)(卿)(作)(为)(“反)(动)(地)(主)(”被)(处)(死)(,罪)(名)(是)(“抗)(粮)(、窝)(藏)(土)(匪)(、图)(谋)(杀)(害)(干)(部)(、造)(谣)(破)(坏)(”,家)(产)(也)(全)(部)(没)(收)(。刀)(起)(人)(头)(落)(,也)(是)(“江)(南)(一)(劫)(”。<br />金)(庸)(在)(香)(港)(得)(知)(消)(息)(,“哭)(了)(三)(天)(三)(晚)(,伤)(心)(了)(大)(半)(年)(”。笑)(比)(哭)(好)(,但)(现)(在)(只)(剩)(下)(了)(哭)(。这)(成)(为)(了)(金)(庸)(先)(生)(心)(中)(永)(远)(的)(痛)(。<br />金)(庸)(老)(家)(旧)(居)(也)(遭)(遇)(了)(浩)(劫)(,土)(改)(时)(被)(彻)(底)(平)(掉)(。之)(前)(在)(抗)(战)(时)(期)(,海)(宁)(沦)(陷)(,日)(军)(烧)(杀)(抢)(掠)(,繁)(华)(的)(江)(南)(小)(镇)(袁)(花)(镇)(被)(付)(之)(一)(炬)(,查)(家)(的)(房)(产)(已)(经)(被)(毁)(过)(半)(。<br />知)(否)(?知)(否)(?家)(乃)(魂)(牵)(梦)(萦)(处)(。后)(来)(的)(“旧)(居)(”是)(当)(地)(政)(府)(后)(来)(重)(建)(的)(,不)(是)(金)(庸)(童)(年)(时)(的)(模)(样)(。查)(良)(镛)(每)(次)(回)(到)(故)(乡)(袁)(花)(镇)(,也)(不)(愿)(回)(村)(里)(看)(一)(眼)(,过)(家)(门)(而)(不)(入)(,因)(为)(那)(个)(“旧)(居)(”已)(经)(不)(是)(他)(的)(了)(。<br />金)(庸)(的)(研)(究)(者)(发)(现)(,在)(金)(庸)(的)(小)(说)(里)(,主)(人)(公)(的)(父)(亲)(也)(总)(是)(缺)(位)(的)(。杨)(过)(找)(父)(亲)(,乔)(峰)(找)(父)(亲)(,段)(誉)(找)(父)(亲)(,虚)(竹)(找)(父)(亲)(,张)(无)(忌)(找)(义)(父)(……所)(有)(人)(都)(在)(找)(父)(亲)(,就)(连)(玩)(世)(不)(恭)(的)(韦)(小)(宝)(也)(一)(样)(。<br />失)(去)(父)(亲)(之)(后)(,一)(大)(家)(子)(上)(上)(下)(下)(十)(来)(口)(人)(的)(生)(活)(没)(了)(着)(落)(,在)(香)(港)(的)(金)(庸)(担)(负)(起)(救)(济)(持)(家)(的)(重)(任)(。<br />金)(庸)(的)(妹)(妹)(查)(良)(t,比)(金)(庸)(小)(一)(岁)(,现)(住)(在)(杭)(州)(临)(安)(天)(目)(山)(镇)(藻)(溪)(村)(。她)(幸)(好)(有)(二)(哥)(金)(庸)(的)(资)(助)(,她)(说)(二)(哥)(与)(她)(感)(情)(很)(好)(。查)(良)(t的)(前)(夫)(当)(年)(在)(国)(民)(党)(部)(队)(里)(当)(官)(,1949年)(去)(了)(台)(湾)(,这)(让)(她)(的)(家)(庭)(成)(分)(坏)(上)(加)(坏)(。她)(一)(直)(分)(不)(到)(土)(地)(,也)(没)(法)(参)(加)(招)(工)(,家)(里)(拮)(据)(,不)(仅)(吃)(不)(饱)(饭)(,更)(没)(钱)(让)(孩)(子)(读)(书)(。二)(哥)(知)(道)(后)(,就)(开)(始)(给)(她)(寄)(钱)(。查)(良)(t50多)(岁)(时)(,几)(个)(孩)(子)(都)(长)(大)(了)(,才)(又)(再)(婚)(,嫁)(的)(是)(临)(安)(地)(道)(的)(农)(民)(。金)(庸)(继)(续)(给)(查)(良)(t寄)(生)(活)(费)(,还)(曾)(到)(临)(安)(来)(探)(望)(过)(她)(。<br />查)(枢)(卿)(获)(得)(平)(反)(,是)(在)(上)(世)(纪)(80年)(代)(。海)(宁)(县)(委)(、县)(政)(府)(与)(嘉)(兴)(市)(委)(统)(战)(部)(、市)(侨)(办)(联)(合)(组)(织)(调)(查)(组)(,对)(查)(枢)(卿)(案)(件)(进)(行)(了)(复)(查)(,查)(明)(是)(错)(案)(冤)(案)(,遂)(由)(海)(宁)(县)(人)(民)(法)(院)(撤)(销)(原)(判)(,宣)(告)(查)(枢)(卿)(无)(罪)(,给)(予)(平)(反)(昭)(雪)(。1985年)(7月)(23日)(,海)(宁)(县)(人)(民)(法)(院)(下)(达)(改)(判)(的)(《刑)(事)(判)(决)(书)(》,认)(定)(原)(判)(均)(失)(实)(,判)(处)(死)(刑)(属)(错)(杀)(,“撤)(销)(海)(宁)(县)(人)(民)(法)(庭)(一)(九)(五)(一)(年)(四)(月)(二)(十)(六)(日)(第)(134号)(刑)(事)(判)(决)(”,宣)(告)(无)(罪)(。<br />金)(庸)(得)(知)(后)(,专)(门)(驰)(信)(海)(宁)(县)(委)(领)(导)(:“大)(时)(代)(中)(变)(乱)(激)(烈)(,情)(况)(复)(杂)(,多)(承)(各)(位)(善)(意)(,审)(查)(30余)(年)(旧)(案)(,判)(决)(家)(父)(无)(罪)(,存)(殁)(俱)(感)(,谨)(此)(奉)(书)(,着)(重)(致)(谢)(。”<br />报)(人)(<br />在)(许)(多)(业)(内)(人)(士)(看)(来)(,金)(庸)(首)(先)(是)(报)(人)(,其)(次)(是)(政)(论)(家)(,最)(后)(才)(是)(武)(侠)(小)(说)(家)(。除)(此)(之)(外)(,金)(庸)(还)(有)(许)(许)(多)(多)(头)(衔)(,比)(如)(新)(闻)(学)(家)(、历)(史)(学)(家)(、社)(会)(活)(动)(家)(、企)(业)(家)(,等)(等)(。<br />金)(庸)(还)(是)(《香)(港)(特)(别)(行)(政)(区)(基)(本)(法)(》主)(要)(起)(草)(人)(之)(一)(。<br />金)(庸)(还)(是)(围)(棋)(高)(手)(,业)(余)(最)(好)(围)(棋)(,最)(尊)(崇)(围)(棋)(高)(手)(吴)(清)(源)(,他)(对)(吴)(清)(源)(下)(棋)(重)(过)(程)(不)(重)(输)(赢)(的)(境)(界)(至)(为)(推)(崇)(。<br />金)(庸)(的)(本)(职)(工)(作)(,其)(实)(就)(是)(报)(人)(。我)(最)(早)(是)(在)(杭)(州)(著)(名)(学)(者)(傅)(国)(涌)(先)(生)(的)(《金)(庸)(传)(》里)(,读)(到)(金)(庸)(在)(媒)(体)(从)(业)(的)(详)(细)(经)(历)(的)(。<br />他)(最)(初)(的)(报)(业)(生)(涯)(就)(在)(杭)(州)(,在)(东)(南)(日)(报)(社)(。《东)(南)(日)(报)(》前)(身)(是)(《杭)(州)(民)(国)(日)(报)(》,初)(创)(于)(1927年)(3月)(12日)(,社)(址)(在)(杭)(州)(众)(安)(桥)(。1946年)(11月)(20日)(,青)(年)(金)(庸)(正)(式)(成)(为)(东)(南)(日)(报)(社)(的)(一)(员)(,这)(是)(他)(人)(生)(第)(一)(份)(正)(式)(工)(作)(。因)(为)(他)(英)(语)(好)(,主)(要)(负)(责)(收)(听)(英)(语)(的)(国)(际)(新)(闻)(广)(播)(,翻)(译)(、编)(写)(国)(际)(新)(闻)(稿)(。<br />在)(浙)(江)(省)(档)(案)(馆)(馆)(藏)(的)(东)(南)(日)(报)(社)(全)(宗)(档)(案)(里)(,有)(金)(庸)(1946年)(与)(《东)(南)(日)(报)(》签)(下)(的)(一)(份)(“东)(南)(日)(报)(社)(职)(工)(保)(证)(书)(”,还)(有)(金)(庸)(离)(开)(《东)(南)(日)(报)(》的)(“辞)(呈)(”。在)(金)(庸)(的)(三)(次)(婚)(姻)(中)(,他)(与)(第)(一)(任)(妻)(子)(杜)(冶)(芬)(的)(爱)(情)(,就)(萌)(芽)(于)(1947年)(他)(在)(《东)(南)(日)(报)(》工)(作)(时)(期)(。<br />1947年)(,金)(庸)(赴)(沪)(学)(习)(,后)(成)(为)(《大)(公)(报)(》的)(一)(员)(。1948年)(3月)(30日)(,金)(庸)(随)(着)(《大)(公)(报)(》赴)(港)(,人)(生)(命)(运)(由)(此)(有)(了)(重)(大)(的)(改)(变)(。之)(后)(的)(人)(生)(还)(有)(个)(插)(曲)(:新)(中)(国)(成)(立)(之)(后)(,外)(交)(家)(梅)(汝)(t堈)(??饨)(蝗)(瞬)(诺)(娜)(狈)(Χ?四)(越)(睿)(??肫)(鹆)(讼)(愀)(鄣)(慕)(鹩)(梗)(?怯)(⒂锪)(疾)(牛)(?谑)(堑)(缪)(??鄙)(先)(ネ饨)(徊)(抗)(ぷ鳌)(Q??贝)(?慕)(鹩)(咕)(陀)(型)(饨)(还)(僦)(?危)(?虼)(撕)(敛)(挥)(淘)(ゾ痛)(鹩)(α恕)(?950年)(,金)(庸)(向)(《大)(公)(报)(》辞)(职)(,只)(身)(北)(上)(赴)(京)(。让)(他)(没)(想)(到)(的)(是)(,他)(的)(家)(庭)(出)(身)(等)(因)(素)(让)(他)(过)(不)(了)(“政)(审)(”关)(,梦)(断)(京)(城)(,只)(好)(悻)(悻)(然)(返)(港)(,重)(操)(老)(本)(行)(。<br />定)(位)(决)(定)(地)(位)(,格)(局)(决)(定)(结)(局)(。对)(金)(庸)(自)(己)(而)(言)(,最)(重)(要)(的)(是)(办)(报)(、写)(社)(评)(,那)(才)(是)(他)(的)(安)(身)(立)(命)(之)(本)(。他)(多)(次)(公)(开)(表)(明)(,《明)(报)(》是)(他)(毕)(生)(的)(事)(业)(和)(声)(誉)(。<br />明)(报)(<br />1959年)(5月)(20日)(——就)(是)(今)(天)(人)(们)(津)(津)(乐)(道)(的)(“520”,《明)(报)(》正)(式)(创)(刊)(。金)(庸)(说)(:“《明)(报)(》的)(‘明)(’字)(,取)(意)(于)(‘明)(理)(’‘明)(辨)(是)(非)(’‘明)(察)(秋)(毫)(’‘明)(镜)(高)(悬)(’‘清)(明)(在)(躬)(’‘光)(明)(正)(大)(’‘明)(人)(不)(做)(暗)(事)(’等)(意)(念)(。”始)(创)(阶)(段)(的)(《明)(报)(》是)(一)(张)(副)(刊)(性)(的)(报)(纸)(,其)(实)(不)(算)(“新)(闻)(纸)(”。<br />35岁)(的)(金)(庸)(,白)(手)(起)(家)(,筚)(路)(蓝)(缕)(,一)(步)(步)(建)(立)(起)(庞)(大)(的)(明)(报)(集)(团)(,1991年)(赢)(利)(突)(破)(了)(1亿)(。犹)(太)(智)(慧)(书)(《塔)(木)(德)(》里)(有)(一)(句)(话)(非)(常)(有)(道)(理)(,“天)(下)(难)(做)(的)(事)(容)(易)(做)(成)(”,金)(庸)(就)(是)(做)(到)(了)(。金)(庸)(说)(:“我)(不)(论)(做)(什)(么)(事)(,都)(是)(缓)(慢)(而)(坚)(持)(,相)(信)(恒)(心)(与)(毅)(力)(,不)(喜)(欢)(大)(跃)(进)(式)(的)(狂)(冲)(猛)(打)(。”真)(正)(的)(失)(败)(只)(有)(一)(种)(,就)(是)(你)(无)(法)(做)(到)(坚)(持)(。金)(庸)(的)(坚)(持)(,很)(像)(他)(笔)(下)(的)(郭)(靖)(,一)(股)(水)(滴)(石)(穿)(的)(毅)(力)(。他)(数)(十)(年)(的)(“缓)(慢)(坚)(持)(”,终)(于)(使)(《明)(报)(》发)(展)(成)(为)(香)(港)(的)(一)(张)(大)(报)(。之)(后)(他)(陆)(续)(创)(办)(了)(《明)(报)(月)(刊)(》《明)(报)(周)(刊)(》,新)(加)(坡)(《新)(明)(日)(报)(》和)(马)(来)(西)(亚)(《新)(明)(日)(报)(》等)(。<br />金)(庸)(创)(办)(《明)(报)(》之)(前)(的)(三)(部)(小)(说)(《书)(剑)(恩)(仇)(录)(》《碧)(血)(剑)(》和)(《射)(雕)(英)(雄)(传)(》,分)(别)(连)(载)(于)(《新)(晚)(报)(》和)(《香)(港)(商)(报)(》。他)(开)(笔)(写)(武)(侠)(小)(说)(,还)(是)(人)(家)(报)(社)(编)(辑)(拉)(着)(他)(上)(架)(的)(,之)(前)(他)(想)(都)(没)(想)(过)(。不)(写)(不)(知)(道)(,一)(写)(吓)(一)(跳)(,那)(天)(赋)(就)(喷)(涌)(出)(来)(。<br />从)(《明)(报)(》创)(刊)(号)(开)(始)(,金)(庸)(连)(载)(他)(的)(《神)(雕)(侠)(侣)(》。有)(人)(说)(,《明)(报)(》初)(创)(未)(倒)(闭)(,全)(靠)(金)(庸)(的)(武)(侠)(小)(说)(。为)(了)(让)(《明)(报)(》能)(够)(卖)(得)(出)(去)(,他)(坚)(持)(为)(报)(社)(撰)(写)(社)(评)(、写)(连)(载)(的)(武)(侠)(小)(说)(,有)(“左)(手)(写)(社)(评)(,右)(手)(写)(小)(说)(”之)(美)(称)(。随)(着)(小)(说)(情)(节)(渐)(入)(佳)(境)(,读)(者)(热)(情)(也)(越)(来)(越)(高)(。在)(报)(社)(,金)(庸)(伏)(案)(奋)(笔)(疾)(书)(,写)(满)(半)(张)(纸)(就)(撕)(下)(来)(,交)(给)(等)(候)(在)(桌)(旁)(的)(工)(人)(去)(排)(版)(,再)(埋)(下)(头)(去)(接)(着)(写)(下)(半)(张)(。<br />有)(道)(是)(:初)(级)(境)(界)(的)(快)(乐)(是)(肉)(体)(的)(快)(乐)(,那)(是)(饱)(、暖)(、物)(、欲)(;中)(级)(境)(界)(的)(快)(乐)(是)(精)(神)(的)(快)(乐)(,那)(是)(诗)(词)(歌)(赋)(、琴)(棋)(书)(画)(、游)(走)(天)(下)(;高)(级)(境)(界)(的)(快)(乐)(是)(灵)(魂)(的)(快)(乐)(,那)(是)(付)(出)(、奉)(献)(,让)(他)(人)(因)(为)(你)(的)(存)(在)(而)(快)(乐)(。平)(庸)(之)(境)(的)(人)(只)(有)(一)(条)(命)(,叫)(性)(命)(;优)(秀)(之)(境)(的)(人)(有)(两)(条)(命)(,即)(性)(命)(和)(生)(命)(;卓)(越)(之)(境)(的)(人)(则)(有)(三)(条)(命)(,性)(命)(、生)(命)(和)(使)(命)(——它)(们)(分)(别)(代)(表)(着)(生)(存)(、生)(活)(和)(责)(任)(。无)(疑)(,金)(庸)(已)(臻)(最)(高)(之)(境)(。<br />直)(到)(1993年)(,年)(届)(七)(旬)(的)(金)(庸)(售)(出)(了)(明)(报)(集)(团)(,宣)(布)(退)(休)(。他)(曾)(说)(,自)(己)(下)(辈)(子)(还)(想)(做)(记)(者)(、做)(报)(人)(。<br />博)(士)(学)(位)(<br />金)(庸)(本)(职)(是)(报)(人)(,为)(文)(是)(小)(说)(,为)(学)(是)(历)(史)(。如)(果)(说)(在)(报)(馆)(是)(办)(报)(纸)(,在)(书)(房)(是)(写)(小)(说)(,那)(么)(在)(学)(院)(则)(是)(教)(历)(史)(。他)(看)(重)(自)(己)(是)(“研)(究)(历)(史)(的)(教)(授)(”,所)(以)(在)(许)(多)(地)(方)(开)(讲)(座)(,谈)(的)(是)(历)(史)(。然)(则)(,他)(的)(武)(侠)(小)(说)(是)(金)(字)(塔)(塔)(尖)(,办)(报)(纸)(写)(社)(论)(是)(金)(字)(塔)(塔)(身)(,那)(么)(研)(究)(历)(史)(和)(教)(学)(历)(史)(,就)(是)(金)(字)(塔)(塔)(基)(。对)(他)(谈)(武)(侠)(小)(说)(兴)(趣)(者)(众)(,对)(他)(谈)(历)(史)(知)(识)(兴)(趣)(者)(寡)(。加)(上)(他)(的)(口)(才)(很)(一)(般)(,口)(音)(也)(比)(较)(重)(,所)(以)(在)(他)(讲)(历)(史)(的)(时)(候)(,屡)(屡)(出)(现)(并)(不)(太)(受)(欢)(迎)(的)(尴)(尬)(场)(景)(。<br />不)(知)(扬)(长)(避)(短)(,不)(顾)(听)(众)(喜)(好)(,不)(“因)(材)(施)(教)(”,这)(样)(的)(老)(师)(就)(不)(算)(是)(优)(秀)(的)(老)(师)(。<br />公)(众)(实)(在)(想)(不)(到)(,已)(然)(名)(满)(天)(下)(的)(金)(庸)(,执)(意)(要)(去)(剑)(桥)(拿)(一)(个)(正)(经)(八)(百)(的)(博)(士)(学)(位)(。彼)(时)(岁)(数)(已)(经)(“大)(得)(很)(”——超)(过)(80岁)(了)(,还)(去)(当)(学)(生)(念)(书)(,引)(起)(的)(争)(议)(可)(不)(小)(。2005年)(10月)(1日)(,金)(庸)(入)(学)(剑)(桥)(大)(学)(圣)(约)(翰)(学)(院)(。他)(每)(周)(去)(听)(两)(次)(课)(,一)(次)(两)(个)(小)(时)(,从)(不)(缺)(课)(。2006年)(,他)(完)(成)(硕)(士)(论)(文)(《初)(唐)(皇)(位)(继)(承)(制)(度)(》。2010年)(9月)(,他)(完)(成)(博)(士)(论)(文)(《唐)(代)(盛)(世)(继)(承)(皇)(位)(制)(度)(》。两)(部)(论)(文)(都)(是)(透)(过)(正)(史)(、野)(史)(,分)(析)(唐)(代)(太)(子)(继)(位)(制)(度)(以)(及)(宫)(廷)(权)(斗)(。2010年)(,金)(庸)(获)(得)(剑)(桥)(大)(学)(哲)(学)(博)(士)(学)(位)(。这)(个)(“哲)(学)(”是)(“纲)(”,是)(广)(义)(的)(。剑)(桥)(大)(学)(圣)(约)(翰)(学)(院)(院)(长)(杜)(柏)(琛)(亲)(飞)(香)(港)(,给)(他)(颁)(发)(了)(学)(位)(证)(书)(。<br />金)(庸)(说)(:“求)(学)(,并)(非)(为)(了)(学)(位)(,而)(是)(感)(到)(自)(己)(学)(问)(不)(够)(。”学)(问)(无)(止)(境)(,问)(学)(亦)(无)(止)(境)(,活)(到)(老)(学)(到)(老)(,这)(本)(身)(是)(对)(的)(,问)(题)(在)(于)(,面)(对)(无)(止)(境)(的)(学)(问)(,任)(何)(人)(其)(实)(都)(只)(是)(“取)(一)(瓢)(饮)(”,机)(会)(成)(本)(如)(何)(支)(付)(,是)(需)(要)(考)(虑)(的)(。或)(许)(,多)(少)(有)(些)(羞)(涩)(的)(金)(庸)(在)(骨)(子)(底)(里)(有)(些)(自)(卑)(,他)(要)(在)(拿)(到)(很)(多)(荣)(誉)(博)(士)(之)(后)(,通)(过)(拿)(到)(正)(宗)(的)(博)(士)(学)(位)(来)(挽)(救)(这)(种)(自)(卑)(。<br />这)(就)(缺)(乏)(“沧)(海)(一)(声)(笑)(”的)(潇)(洒)(了)(。<br />金)(庸)(的)(老)(朋)(友)(罗)(孚)(曾)(说)(:“他)(已)(是)(80以)(上)(的)(老)(人)(,年)(已)(耄)(耋)(,依)(然)(好)(学)(不)(倦)(,这)(实)(在)(使)(人)(敬)(佩)(。其)(实)(他)(大)(可)(不)(必)(如)(此)(。学)(无)(止)(境)(……何)(妨)(放)(下)(、自)(在)(,这)(真)(是)(何)(等)(自)(在)(!”<br />作)(为)(一)(个)(人)(,金)(庸)(的)(性)(格)(也)(是)(多)(面)(的)(,也)(有)(许)(多)(缺)(陷)(。他)(求)(中)(庸)(、求)(平)(衡)(;他)(爱)(面)(子)(、爱)(掌)(声)(;他)(既)(很)(单)(纯)(,又)(很)(矛)(盾)(;他)(腼)(腆)(羞)(涩)(、不)(善)(言)(辞)(,但)(又)(喜)(欢)(出)(现)(在)(公)(众)(面)(前)(、聚)(光)(灯)(下)(;他)(信)(仰)(佛)(教)(,但)(确)(实)(有)(很)(多)(放)(不)(下)(。然)(而)(,这)(样)(的)(金)(庸)(才)(是)(有)(血)(有)(肉)(的)(、真)(实)(的)(金)(庸)(。人)(生)(能)(干)(好)(一)(件)(事)(就)(了)(不)(得)(、不)(得)(了)(了)(,金)(庸)(毕)(竟)(干)(了)(好)(几)(件)(事)(,绝)(对)(不)(简)(单)(。<br />改)(革)(开)(放)(<br />“大)(闹)(一)(场)(,悄)(然)(离)(去)(。”<br />事)(了)(拂)(衣)(去)(,深)(藏)(功)(与)(名)(。<br />金)(庸)(先)(生)(曾)(期)(待)(他)(的)(墓)(碑)(上)(将)(会)(写)(着)(:这)(里)(躺)(着)(一)(个)(人)(,在)(20世)(纪)(,他)(写)(过)(十)(几)(部)(武)(侠)(小)(说)(,这)(些)(小)(说)(为)(几)(亿)(人)(喜)(欢)(。<br />他)(“悄)(然)(离)(去)(”的)(2018年)(,恰)(逢)(中)(国)(改)(革)(开)(放)(40周)(年)(。<br />1981年)(,金)(庸)(携)(家)(人)(去)(北)(京)(访)(问)(,受)(到)(邓)(小)(平)(接)(见)(<br />改)(革)(开)(放)(初)(期)(,1981年)(7月)(18日)(,邓)(小)(平)(在)(人)(民)(大)(会)(堂)(福)(建)(厅)(会)(见)(了)(金)(庸)(及)(家)(人)(。邓)(小)(平)(是)(金)(庸)(武)(侠)(小)(说)(在)(中)(国)(内)(地)(最)(早)(的)(读)(者)(之)(一)(。<br />邓)(小)(平)(:欢)(迎)(查)(先)(生)(回)(来)(走)(走)(!你)(的)(小)(说)(我)(读)(过)(,我)(们)(已)(经)(是)(老)(朋)(友)(了)(。<br />金)(庸)(:我)(一)(直)(对)(邓)(先)(生)(您)(很)(仰)(慕)(,今)(天)(能)(见)(到)(您)(,很)(感)(荣)(幸)(!<br />邓)(小)(平)(笑)(着)(说)(:对)(查)(先)(生)(,我)(也)(是)(知)(名)(已)(久)(!<br />邓)(小)(平)(还)(谈)(到)(金)(庸)(父)(亲)(查)(枢)(卿)(当)(年)(在)(“镇)(反)(”中)(被)(错)(杀)(一)(事)(,金)(庸)(说)(:“人)(入)(黄)(泉)(不)(能)(复)(生)(,算)(了)(吧)(!”并)(表)(示)(父)(亲)(的)(命)(运)(只)(是)(改)(朝)(换)(代)(之)(际)(的)(悲)(剧)(,自)(己)(已)(淡)(然)(不)(记)(“前)(仇)(”了)(。<br />后)(来)(金)(庸)(说)(,我)(这)(辈)(子)(最)(佩)(服)(的)(人)(就)(是)(邓)(小)(平)(。<br />邓)(小)(平)(是)(中)(国)(改)(革)(开)(放)(的)(总)(设)(计)(师)(。<br />毫)(无)(疑)(问)(,如)(果)(没)(有)(改)(革)(开)(放)(,就)(没)(有)(今)(天)(风)(靡)(内)(地)(的)(金)(庸)(金)(大)(侠)(。<br />图)(片)(来)(自)(网)(络)(返)(回)(龙)(虎)(和)(,查)(看)(更)(多)(责)(任)(编)(辑)(:<br />声)(明)(:该)(文)(观)(点)(仅)(代)(表)(作)(者)(本)(人)(,龙)(虎)(和)(号)(系)(信)(息)(发)(布)(平)(台)(,龙)(虎)(和)(仅)(提)(供)(信)(息)(存)(储)(空)(间)(服)(务)(。<br />阅)(读)(()<br />)!

作者:【龙虎和代理】


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