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【教程】国画用墨方法和技巧

来源: 南方日报网络版     时间: 2019年03月19日 00:47:41
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QQ彩票登录招商Q※【9938★064】★★〖在线申请代理yicai661.COM 〗最高100返9★★招代理刷返水,赔率高,信誉平台官方,招龙虎和代理注册实力,时时彩龙虎和,永彩彩票代理,永彩官网,永彩台注册,永彩乐官网,永彩娱乐官方网站【教程】国画用墨方法和技巧

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(原)(标)(题)(:【教)(程)(】国)(画)(用)(墨)(方)(法)(和)(技)(巧)(<br />用)(墨)(总)(体)(之)(意)(是)(指)(使)(用)(水)(墨)(的)(方)(法)(和)(技)(巧)(,用)(墨)(之)(法)(有)(蘸)(墨)(法)(、调)(墨)(法)(和)(运)(墨)(法)(。<br />一)(、蘸)(墨)(法)(是)(指)(作)(画)(前)(用)(笔)(蘸)(墨)(的)(方)(法)(和)(技)(法)(。<br />蘸)(墨)(的)(方)(法)(有)(先)(蘸)(水)(后)(蘸)(墨)(或)(先)(蘸)(墨)(后)(蘸)(水)(之)(说)(,也)(有)(干)(蘸)((枯)(笔)(蘸)()、湿)(蘸)((笔)(中)(带)(水)(蘸)()或)(先)(色)(后)(墨)(,先)(墨)(后)(色)(不)(同)(方)(法)(。蘸)(墨)(法)(看)(似)(简)(单)(,但)(对)(用)(水)(用)(墨)(用)(色)(量)(的)(控)(制)(和)(先)(后)(蘸)(法)(程)(序)(的)(安)(排)(及)(用)(笔)(尖)(蘸)(墨)(还)(是)(用)(侧)(锋)(笔)(肚)(蘸)(墨)(其)(方)(法)(不)(同)(,用)(量)(不)(同)(,绘)(画)(的)(效)(果)(就)(大)(不)(相)(同)(,蘸)(墨)(方)(法)(是)(决)(定)(创)(作)(中)(国)(山)(水)(画)(效)(果)(的)(第)(一)(道)(关)(键)(工)(序)(,必)(须)(认)(真)(对)(待)(。<br />二)(、调)(墨)(法)(是)(指)(对)(墨)(色)(和)(墨)(的)(浓)(度)(进)(行)(调)(制)(的)(方)(法)(。<br />墨)(在)(砚)(台)(中)(研)(好)(或)(用)(瓶)(中)(的)(原)(墨)(汁)(倒)(在)(瓷)(盘)(中)(后)(,做)(画)(都)(因)(太)(黑)(太)(稠)(不)(能)(直)(接)(使)(用)(,首)(先)(对)(墨)(汁)(进)(行)(调)(制)(,其)(方)(法)(有)(四)(种)(:第)(一)(是)(在)(原)(墨)(汁)(中)(少)(加)(点)(水)(调)(制)(一)(下)(,使)(墨)(色)(和)(墨)(的)(浓)(度)(降)(低)(,达)(到)(作)(画)(可)(用)(为)(止)(;第)(二)(种)(方)(法)(是)(将)(原)(墨)(汁)(等)(量)(分)(别)(倒)(入)(几)(个)(瓷)(盘)(之)(中)(,然)(后)(在)(各)(盘)(中)(加)(入)(不)(同)(量)(的)(水)(,调)(成)(具)(有)(不)(同)(墨)(色)(的)(汁)(,作)(画)(时)(按)(墨)(色)(需)(要)(直)(接)(蘸)(用)(即)(可)((此)(法)(称)(为)(浑)(墨)(法)(或)(间)(墨)(法)();第)(三)(种)(方)(法)(是)(在)(笔)(头)(上)(调)(墨)(,即)(事)(先)(将)(笔)(头)(蘸)(上)(少)(量)(清)(水)(,然)(后)(用)(笔)(尖)(蘸)(浓)(墨)(,再)(将)(笔)(卧)(倒)(在)(瓷)(盘)(中)(来)(回)(进)(行)(滚)(拉)(,略)(等)(一)(会)(,在)(笔)(头)(上)(的)(墨)(与)(水)(混)(合)(渗)(化)(形)(成)(具)(有)(渐)(变)(的)(效)(果)(之)(后)(,可)(卧)(笔)(用)(顺)(逆)(锋)(法)(来)(使)(用)((此)(法)(称)(笔)(头)(融)(墨)(法)();第)(四)(种)(方)(法)(是)(纸)(上)(调)(墨)(法)(,即)(首)(先)(在)(纸)(上)(泼)(染)(局)(部)(或)(大)(部)(淡)(墨)(淡)(色)(,然)(后)(在)(半)(干)(的)(墨)(上)(用)(不)(同)(浓)(墨)(或)(色)(进)(行)(积)(破)(并)(分)(多)(次)(渲)(染)(,求)(得)(需)(要)(的)(不)(同)(墨)(色)(效)(果)(。纸)(上)(调)(墨)(和)(调)(色)(法)(在)(创)(作)(山)(水)(画)(时)(经)(常)(使)(用)(,效)(果)(极)(好)(。<br />三)(、运)(墨)(法)(它)(是)(将)(墨)(或)(色)(在)(纸)(上)(进)(行)(运)(作)(,求)(得)(墨)(形)(墨)(态)(和)(水)(墨)(效)(果)(的)(一)(种)(运)(墨)(方)(法)(。<br />平)(时)(讲)(用)(墨)(其)(主)(要)(意)(思)(就)(是)(指)(运)(墨)(这)(种)(方)(法)(。运)(墨)(法)(与)(纸)(上)(调)(色)(法)(有)(似)(相)(同)(,但)(不)(是)(一)(回)(事)(,一)(个)(求)(色)(,一)(个)(求)(韵)(。运)(墨)(法)(包)(括)(“单)(运)(法)(”“互)(运)(法)(”和)(渲)(染)(法)(“三)(种)(。<br />1、单)(运)(法)(是)(将)(浓)(、淡)(、干)(、湿)(、焦)(、宿)(、各)(种)(墨)(或)(各)(种)(色)(中)(的)(每)(一)(种)(墨)(色)(都)(作)(为)(独)(立)(的)(单)(体)(,每)(种)(单)(体)(再)(经)(用)(水)(调)(解)(运)(作)(形)(成)(具)(有)(多)(种)(变)(化)(的)(墨)(韵)(,这)(种)(单)(体)(用)(墨)(、用)(色)(并)(对)(其)(求)(韵)(的)(方)(法)(就)(叫)(单)(运)(法)((用)(色)(就)(叫)(单)(色)(法)()。<br />用)(单)(运)(法)(作)(画)(叫)(单)(运)(画)(法)(,其)(具)(体)(有)(浓)(墨)(法)((重)(墨)(法)()、淡)(墨)(法)((渴)(墨)(法)()、干)(墨)(法)(、湿)(墨)(法)(、焦)(墨)(法)(、泼)(墨)(法)(、宿)(墨)(法)(、单)(色)(法)((单)(色)(分)(赤)(、橙)(、黄)(、绿)(、青)(蓝)(、紫)()。在)(墨)(色)(中)(黑)(的)(墨)(为)(浓)(墨)(,发)(灰)(色)(的)(墨)(为)(淡)(墨)(,墨)(中)(少)(水)(为)(干)(墨)(,水)(较)(多)(为)(湿)(墨)(,比)(浓)(墨)(水)(少)(为)(焦)(墨)(,用)(水)(较)(大)(进)(行)(泼)(写)(作)(画)(为)(泼)(墨)(,宿)(墨)(是)(指)(隔)(夜)(之)(墨)(。<br />用)(浓)(墨)(单)(独)(作)(画)(,墨)(要)(控)(制)(少)(用)(水)(,使)(墨)(色)(变)(化)(具)(有)(厚)(重)(深)(沉)(、深)(而)(不)(痴)(钝)(的)(效)(果)(。用)(淡)(墨)(做)(画)(,墨)(色)(不)(能)(发)(黑)(,要)(用)(得)(清)(秀)(淡)(远)(,气)(韵)(迷)(蒙)(。用)(干)(墨)(作)(画)(,墨)(中)(虽)(然)(水)(少)(,但)(画)(面)(墨)(色)(不)(能)(用)(得)(太)(干)(枯)(脊)(薄)(,有)(烦)(躁)(不)(安)(的)(味)(道)(。用)(湿)(墨)(作)(画)(,墨)(中)(水)(不)(能)(用)(的)(太)(多)(,太)(多)(臃)(肿)(浑)(浊)(,要)(求)(画)(面)(墨)(色)(有)(春)(雨)(酥)(润)(、华)(滋)(掩)(映)(的)(感)(觉)(。泼)(墨)(作)(画)(,要)(有)(水)(墨)(淋)(漓)(、气)(水)(恒)(流)(之)(势)(。宿)(墨)(自)(身)(具)(有)(黑)(、干)(和)(光)(亮)(特)(点)(,一)(般)(多)(用)(做)(提)(醒)(,宿)(墨)(多)(渣)(,作)(画)(如)(用)(不)(好)(,易)(枯)(硬)(污)(浊)(,用)(得)(好)(倒)(有)(厚)(重)(沉)(稳)(之)(感)(。用)(单)(色)(意)(思)(同)(上)(。总)(之)(,单)(运)(法)(中)(的)(各)(种)(墨)(和)(色)(虽)(然)(看)(似)(使)(用)(较)(单)(一)(,但)(在)(画)(面)(中)(墨)(和)(色)(的)(效)(果)(是)(十)(分)(丰)(富)(多)(彩)(、生)(气)(十)(足)(的)(,它)(们)(都)(具)(有)(鲜)(活)(的)(生)(命)(力)(。<br />2、互)(运)(法)(是)(指)(墨)(与)(墨)(、墨)(与)(水)(、墨)(与)(色)(、墨)(与)(济)((矾)(、胶)(、粉)()等)(物)(质)(经)(过)(相)(互)(调)(解)(运)(作)(,取)(得)(各)(种)(多)(彩)(奇)(异)(的)(变)(化)(效)(果)(,这)(种)(方)(法)(就)(叫)(互)(运)(法)(。互)(运)(法)(中)(有)(“接)(法)(”(相)(碰)(法)()、“积)(法)(”、“破)(法)(”、“混)(法)(”。<br />1)接)(法)(:墨)(与)(墨)(相)(接)(就)(叫)(墨)(接)(法)((墨)(接)(法)(有)(浓)(与)(浓)(接)(,浓)(与)(淡)(接)(,淡)(与)(淡)(接)()。墨)(与)(水)(接)(叫)(接)(水)(法)(。墨)(与)(色)(接)(或)(色)(与)(色)(接)(叫)(接)(色)(法)((接)(色)(法)(中)(有)(浓)(淡)(色)(和)(不)(同)(浓)(淡)(色)(各)(种)(色)(相)(接)(法)()。墨)(与)(济)(接)(叫)(接)(济)(法)((济)(要)(用)(水)(济)()。2)积)(法)(:墨)(与)(墨)(两)(种)(墨)(相)(叠)(,在)(第)(一)(遍)(墨)(干)(后)(再)(加)(墨)(的)(方)(法)(叫)(积)(墨)(法)(。墨)(与)(水)(相)(叠)(叫)(积)(水)(法)(。墨)(与)(色)(相)(叠)(叫)(积)(色)(法)(。墨)(与)(济)(相)(叠)(叫)(积)(济)(法)(。积)(法)(有)(干)(笔)(积)(、湿)(笔)(积)(、墨)(半)(干)(时)(积)(、干)(后)(积)(和)(多)(遍)(积)(。具)(体)(做)(法)(可)(用)(点)(积)(、线)(积)(、面)(积)(、泼)(积)(、皴)(擦)(积)(。也)(可)(在)(淡)(色)(、矾)(水)(、豆)(浆)(、醋)(水)(、洗)(衣)(粉)(等)(济)(渍)(上)(积)(墨)(积)(色)(。用)(积)(法)(作)(画)(一)(般)(是)(由)(浅)(到)(深)(达)(到)(苍)(秀)(厚)(重)(、沉)(实)(华)(磁)(的)(效)(果)(为)(止)(。积)(法)(注)(意)(异)(黑)(灰)(和)(无)(明)(显)(韵)(律)(变)(化)(的)(不)(足)(。3)破)(法)(:是)(墨)(与)(墨)(二)(种)(墨)(相)(叠)(,在)(第)(一)(遍)(墨)(没)(干)(就)(叠)(第)(二)(遍)(墨)(为)(破)(墨)(法)(。同)(样)(墨)(与)(色)(相)(叠)(为)(破)(色)(法)((先)(色)(后)(墨)()。墨)(与)(水)(相)(叠)(为)(水)(破)(法)((先)(墨)(后)(水)()。用)(水)(较)(大)(相)(叠)(为)(冲)(水)(法)(。墨)(与)(济)(相)(叠)(为)(济)(破)(法)((先)(墨)(后)(济)()。破)(墨)(法)(有)(浓)(破)(淡)(,淡)(破)(浓)(,湿)(破)(干)(,干)(破)(湿)(。用)(破)(的)(技)(法)(要)(恰)(当)(掌)(握)(好)(墨)(、水)(、色)(、济)(之)(间)(的)(干)(湿)(程)(度)(,太)(湿)(容)(易)(渗)(化)(太)(快)(,润)(化)(过)(多)(,出)(现)(浮)(烟)(账)(墨)(、臃)(肿)(无)(骨)(的)(感)(觉)(,太)(干)(又)(不)(易)(渗)(化)(,容)(易)(形)(成)(干)(枯)(不)(润)(、刻)(板)(无)(味)(的)(样)(子)(,干)(湿)(恰)(当)(才)(会)(取)(得)(最)(佳)(效)(果)(。4)混)(法)(:有)(墨)(与)(墨)(混)((浓)(淡)(混)(),墨)(与)(水)(混)(,墨)(与)(色)(混)(,色)(与)(色)(混)(,色)(与)(济)(混)(。混)(法)(运)(作)(会)(产)(生)(不)(同)(浓)(度)(、湿)(度)(和)(色)(相)(不)(同)(变)(化)(。经)(混)(合)(后)(的)(墨)(、水)(、色)(、济)(可)(直)(接)(用)(来)(作)(画)(,也)(可)(再)(与)(墨)(、色)(、水)(相)(蘸)(相)(积)(相)(破)(,会)(取)(得)(特)(殊)(效)(果)(。<br />运)(墨)(法)(是)(创)(作)(中)(国)(山)(水)(画)(最)(常)(用)(的)(基)(本)(方)(法)(,一)(定)(要)(运)(用)(自)(如)(或)(有)(所)(创)(造)(,才)(能)(创)(作)(出)(好)(的)(山)(水)(画)(作)(品)(。运)(墨)(法)(要)(以)(水)(为)(气)(,以)(墨)(色)(为)(形)(,墨)(非)(水)(不)(醒)(,墨)(非)(运)(不)(透)(,这)(才)(能)(化)(渍)(为)(韵)(。运)(墨)(要)(连)(贯)(、呼)(应)(,顾)(盼)(,有)(态)(,用)(时)(深)(时)(浅)(、时)(稳)(时)(显)(、时)(连)(时)(断)(运)(动)(的)(墨)(色)(体)(现)(出)(强)(悍)(、雄)(伟)(、烟)(雾)(迷)(漫)(、婆)(娑)(多)(姿)(和)(空)(旷)(浩)(渺)(、水)(波)(滚)(动)(的)(景)(象)(,在)(水)(晕)(墨)(彰)(的)(气)(势)(中)(展)(现)(出)(诗)(和)(音)(乐)(一)(样)(的)(旋)(律)(美)(、形)(态)(美)(。<br />3、渲)(染)(法)(就)(是)(用)(淡)(墨)(水)(、淡)(色)(水)(对)(画)(面)(局)(部)(或)(全)(部)(进)(行)(层)(层)(染)(的)(方)(法)(。经)(染)(后)(的)(画)(面)(更)(具)(有)(层)(次)(感)(、空)(间)(感)(、厚)(重)(感)(,能)(使)(画)(面)(和)(画)(中)(景)(物)(产)(生)(苍)(蒙)(、混)(融)(、空)(旷)(淡)(雅)(、水)(气)(十)(足)(和)(空)(灵)(迷)(离)(的)(效)(果)(。染)(常)(用)(的)(方)(法)(大)(体)(有)(渲)(染)(、积)(染)(、烘)(染)(、檫)(染)(、n萌)(镜)(取)(d秩)(臼)(嵌)(曰)(?妗)(⒒?芯)(拔)(锝)(?凶)(芴)(寤)(蚓)(植)(糠)(植)(憬)(?卸)(啾)(樗)(⑷镜)(姆)(椒)(ā;?臼)(窃)(诘)(谝)(槐)(橛)(媚)(?珊)(蠖)(啻)(蔚)(?幽)(?囊)(恢)(秩)(痉)(ā:嫒)(臼)(窃)(诰)(拔)(锫)(掷)(?芪)(?灸)(??1橙)(臼)(窃)(诨)(?谋)(趁)(嫒)(灸)(?蛉)(旧)(??扇)(径)(啾)(椋)(?泻)(裰)(馗)(形)(?埂)(i呷)(揪)(褪)(强)(时)(什)(喾)(娌)(患)(?始)(5目)(觳)(粒)(?够)(?嬗)(胁)(悦)(!⒑裰)(亍)(⒊潦)(怠)(⒏闪)(训)(男)(Ч??萌)(臼)(鞘)(墙)(?脚)(缡)(?笤)(俳)(?袖)(秩)(镜)(姆)(椒)(āU庵)(謓)(萌)(痉)(?墒)(够)(?嫒)(〉迷)(蒲)(趟)(钠)(稹)(⒁黄)(??手)(?肮)(邸)(Ⅻbr />用)(墨)(墨)(色)(分)(浓)(淡)(干)(湿)(焦)(黑)(白)(五)(颜)(六)(色)(,用)(墨)(技)(法)(有)(蘸)(、调)(、积)(、破)(、混)(、泼)(、染)(之)(法)(,更)(十)(分)(讲)(究)(活)(、净)(、结)(、老)(、嫩)(、干)(枯)(、虚)(实)(、节)(韵)(、和)(意)(境)(,这)(些)(讲)(究)(是)(用)(墨)(要)(求)(的)(最)(高)(标)(准)(和)(生)(命)(。墨)(活)(则)(生)(,洁)(净)(才)(能)(活)(泼)(,嫩)(墨)(鲜)(艳)(明)(快)(,能)(产)(生)(润)(掩)(生)(动)(的)(气)(韵)(。老)(墨)(墨)(色)(苍)(茫)(,能)(产)(生)(干)(枯)(峭)(拔)(的)(效)(果)(。浓)(墨)(取)(厚)(,淡)(墨)(取)(雅)(,湿)(墨)(滋)(润)(,润)(能)(取)(艳)(,干)(墨)(枯)(燥)(,燥)(能)(取)(险)(,虚)(得)(空)(灵)(,空)(灵)(能)(产)(生)(幽)(静)(神)(秘)(感)(。虚)(实)(干)(枯)(浓)(淡)(润)(泽)(相)(杂)(,才)(能)(更)(好)(的)(表)(现)(出)(距)(离)(、空)(间)(、幽)(远)(和)(水)(墨)(流)(益)(的)(情)(趣)(和)(美)(的)(意)(境)(。总)(之)(,用)(墨)(讲)(的)(是)(色)(法)(、方)(法)(、技)(巧)(、效)(果)(,追)(求)(的)(是)(变)(、运)(、呼)(应)(、节)(韵)(、情)(趣)(和)(意)(境)(,体)(现)(的)(是)(哲)(理)(、传)(统)(文)(化)(和)(民)(族)(精)(神)(,要)(求)(的)(是)(画)(面)(效)(果)(和)(形)(式)(内)(容)(的)(统)(一)(。用)(墨)(是)(创)(作)(中)(国)(山)(水)(画)(的)(重)(要)(方)(法)(,用)(墨)(与)(用)(笔)(是)(创)(作)(中)(国)(山)(水)(画)(十)(分)(重)(要)(的)(两)(个)(方)(面)(内)(容)(。对)(它)(们)(的)(了)(解)(、研)(究)(、掌)(握)(、运)(用)(是)(创)(作)(出)(好)(作)(品)(的)(重)(要)(保)(证)(。<br />关)(注)(我)(们)(<br />如)(有)(侵)(权)(请)(联)(系)(我)(们)(,立)(即)(删)(除)(斛)(?觖)(返)(回)(龙)(虎)(和)(,查)(看)(更)(多)(责)(任)(编)(辑)(:<br />声)(明)(:该)(文)(观)(点)(仅)(代)(表)(作)(者)(本)(人)(,龙)(虎)(和)(号)(系)(信)(息)(发)(布)(平)(台)(,龙)(虎)(和)(仅)(提)(供)(信)(息)(存)(储)(空)(间)(服)(务)(。<br />阅)(读)(()<br />)!

作者:【龙虎和代理】


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